Who are the referees at Qatar World Cup 2022?
Ivan Barton (Slovenia)
Chris Beath (Australia)
Raphael Claus (Brazil)
Matthew Conger (New Zealand)
Ismail Elfath (United States)
Mario Escobar (Guatemala)
Alireza Faghani (Iran)
Stephanie Frappart (France)
Bakary Gassama (Gambia)
Mustapha Ghorbal (Algeria)
Victor Gomes (South Africa)
Istvan Kovacs (Romania)
Ning Ma (China)
Danny Makkelie (Netherlands)
Szymon Marciniak (Poland)
Antonio Mateu (Spain)
Andres Matias Matonte Cabrera (Uruguay)
Mohammed Abdulla Mohammed (UAE)
Salima Mukansanga (Rwanda)
Maguette N’Diaye (Senegal)
Michael Oliver (England)
Daniele Orsato (Italy)
Kevin Ortega (Peru)
Cesar Ramos (Mexico)
Fernando Rapallini (Argentina)
Wilton Sampaio (Brazil)
Daniel Siebert (Germany)
Janny Sikazwe (Zambia)
Anthony Taylor (England)
Facundo Tello (Argentina)
Clement Turpin (France)
Jesus Valenzuela (Venezuela)
How many assistant referees and video referees are there?
There are 69 assistant referees and 24 video match officials. Var is in use at the World Cup.
What referees at Qatar have got history with England?
Dutchman Danny Makkelie was in charge of England’s 2020 Euro semi-final with Denmark and was criticised for giving the foul on Raheem Sterling in extra time.
Slavko Vinčić of Slovenia has a wealth of continental competition experience; Arsenal fans might remember him from their 2021 Europa League semi with Villareal. He was also the referee for the 2022 UEFA Europa League Final between Eintracht Frankfurt and Rangers.
Antonio Mateu Lahoz, the Spaniard, was in charge of the 2021 Champions League final between Manchester City and Chelsea.
Do they mix and match the refs and assistant refs?
No, they come as a power trio.
How do they pick the referees at the Fifa World Cup?
All the refs are Fifa Grade 1, they have to be nominated by their national association. They also have to pass fitness tests – presumably in conditions that are something like Doha in November, not Doncaster – over 40 metre sprints, and an interval test featuring 75-metre sprints and two 12.5 metre recovery walks.
Who are the strictest refs at the World Cup?
Keep an eye out for Italian Daniele Orsato; he has dished out 33 cards (one of which was a red) as well as giving two penalties all in just five European qualifiers to Qatar.
Frappart only did two qualifying games but produced 10 cards.
Further afield, Raphael Claus of Brazil saw fit to put 30 people on his naughty list in just five qualifying matches.
Young Master Michael Oliver, who famously became the youngest Premier League referee at the age of just 25, also has a high yellow card rate: he booked 26 in his five qualifiers.